2010 analysis: main findings
The results of the 2010 Climate Policy Trackershowed Slovenia to be the more advanced new EU member states. Significant efforts have been made to improve environmental performance, especially in the building, energy and transport sectors. The agricultural and forestry sectors are traditionally characterised by a sustainable policy. Although ambitious policies have been implemented to increase energy efficiency in households (insulation and heating systems), the increasing standard of living has almost overtaken these improvements. An overall long-term climate strategy is missing from the policy mix. Highlights included:
- Obligatory installation of 25% renewable energy in new buildings.
- Tax on air pollution with CO2 exemptions for businesses which agree to reduce their emissions by at least 2.5% compared to base year.
- The Spatial Development Strategy defines the use of renewable energy sources as a priority for new or modernised public infrastructure and the use of combined heat and power (CHP) as priority for new or existing thermal power plants and district heating power plants. The Spatial Development Strategy also includes several aspects of sustainable transport and enables integrated planning.
- Very ambitious target of 20% organic land area by 2015.
- Sloveniadoes not yet have an ambitious, long-term national climate strategy with binding targets that provide long-term certainty to all stakeholders (see for example UK or Ireland). It needs to finalise its draft strategy.
- Slovenia’s plans to build a 600 MW lignite-fired power plant are heavily counterproductive considering the positive developments and policies the country has undertaken. A best practise policy would be the implementation of an Emission Performance standard for (new) power plants. This policy would further strengthen Slovenia’s efforts to develop a low-carbon economy.