2010 analysis: main findings
The 2010 Climate Policy Tracker found that Malta, the smallest EU country, had made significant efforts to improve the environmental situation since its entry into the EU. They formulated a national strategy on climate containing 96 measures, though without an emission target and it does not go beyond 2020. In general, policy implementation has been mixed. A relative Maltese success story is that solar hot water heaters for buildings are well supported; up to 66% of costs are eligible to be covered. However, this support can be stopped by the government at any time, which causes investment uncertainty. There are active plantation management and reforestation projects being carried out.
- Maltaneeds a more comprehensive climate plan with targets and actions that reach beyond 2020 (See for example UK, Ireland).
- More measures are needed to decrease fossil fuel dependency in the electricity sector. The support mechanism for renewable energy needs increased stability and predictability and must be designed in a way to also allow non-domestic investment. Good practice examples can be found in various European countries.
- Maltashould consider introducing support policies for CHP, as none exist so far.