2010 analysis: main findings
In 2010 Denmark did not have a long-term greenhouse gas target. A long history of diversified support for renewables has led to the current comparatively high share of renewable electricity production. Danish climate policy was especially weak in relation to the transport sector. Energy efficiency in buildings was another area where much more action was needed. Highlights of the Danish policy package are:
- Denmarkhas a diversified support system for renewables and has been very successful in integrating a high share of renewable sources, especially wind, into its grid.
- Denmarkhas an advanced and highly decentralised electricity system, where 20% of all electricity generated comes from wind turbines.
- Denmarkproduces no nuclear energy. In 1985 the parliament decided against producing nuclear energy in Denmark.
- Denmark’s long history of policies promoting renewable energy and energy savings has led to its current comparatively high share of renewable electricity production. Denmark is one of the European countries which is best-placed to make the switch to 100% renewable energy and become independent from fossil fuels. Denmark can show further leadership in Europe by bringing forward its target to become free from fossil fuels from 2050 to, for example, 2040.
- The Danish target of independence from fossil fuels needs to be strengthened by making it legally binding, linking it to interim carbon budgets and strategies, and putting concrete policies in place to reach the target. See for example the UK.
- Danish policy has for decades favoured private car use and the focus on low-carbon transport has been low. Introduction of measures such as road pricing, congestion charges or a city toll, as well as an action and investment plan promoting the use of electric vehicles, are for example recommended. Good examples to promote energy efficiency of cars can be found for example in France.