2010 analysis: main findings
The 2010 results show that Belgium’s overall performance was dominated by the complex relationship between the Belgian Federal Government and the autonomous regions. While at the regional level there were some ambitious approaches, there was an overall lack of harmonisation across the measures, and those issues which required national level solutions often lagged behind.
- In Belgium, regional targets are set for cogeneration. Flanders aims for a 5.25% share of combined heat and power production (CHP) in electricity production by 2012 and its separate certificate system acts as a stimulus. Plans have been adopted to increase the share to 10.5% by 2021. Walloniaaims at 20% renewable electricity and high-quality CHP in electricity production in 2020. In the existing support system for renewable electricity, certificates for high-quality CHP can be supplemented with certificates for renewable electricity.
- Belgiumhas several good public transport policies. The Federal government finances 20% of the employer cost for commuters’ public transport season tickets. Furthermore, there is a tax incentive to promote carpooling. Wallonia & Flanders pay 100% of the costs for a number of employers. Additionally, there is an obligation for private train companies to increase passenger transport by 25% from 2006 to 2012.
- The Belgian climate policy is established until 2012. There is a need for a comprehensive national climate and energy strategy towards a zero carbon economy by 2050. See for example UK and Ireland.
- The support for energy efficiency of cars has not been adjusted since its introduction and should be adjusted for market and technology evolution. The efficiency of cars could be further improved, for example by further fiscal benefits for efficient new (company) cars. See for example the Netherlands or France.
- Belgiumhas relatively low tax levels for households, transport and industry. Higher energy taxes or a CO2 tax could raise energy efficiency. See for example the Netherlands and Denmark.
- Belgiumstrongly needs to tackle the renovation of buildings in a comprehensive manner. See for example Germany.