Description of the 4 step approach used to evaluate EU energy and climate policies:
1. Coverage of the policies: Indication of the share of topic areas that ideally be covered in a low-carbon policy package (4 stages: scarce, some, high, complete).
2. Flexibility for member states: Indication of the flexibility to the member states ranging from ‘high flexibility’ such as directives with non-binding targets to ‘low flexibility’ such as standards directly enforced in member states (4 stages: low, limited, significant, high).
3. Scoring of policies: The rating of the existing EU policies against the benchmark of the indicators. The rating gives scores to the EU policies on a scale from ‘A’ (excellent) to ‘G’ (insufficient), assuming optimal implementation of the policy at member state level.
4. Significance of the sector and policy area: The relative importance of the sector (based on its share of emissions) and policy areas renewable energy, energy efficiency and overarching (3 steps: below 5%, 5% to 10%, above 10%).
How to read this example:
Coverage: A majority but not all topics that we
identified as part of low-carbon policy are covered
by the EU policies.
Flexibility: The EU policy consists of a directive
with binding targets, leaving flexibility to the
member state on the policy implementation –
and for a lower or higher score on the respective
Score: The EU policies relevant for this sector rate
‘C’. The score applies to the non-striped area only.